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Karl Amadeus  Hartmann

Né: 2 août 1905
Mort: 5 décembre 1963
Pays d'origine: Allemagne
Upcoming :
2018-11-21 | München (Allemagne), Karl-Amadeus-Hartmann-Gesellschaft
Chef d'orchestre: Dieter Köhnlein
Orchestre: Kammerorchester des Karlsruher Institut für Technologie
2018-11-24 | Karlsruhe (Allemagne), KIT Gerthsen Hörsaal — 20:00

His concept of life oriented towards humanity is inscribed in all his scores. A warning in view of the atrocities of this world, but also resistance from the heart: a revocation of the spirits, love and life. (Udo Zimmermann)

Karl Amadeus Hartmann was born on 2 August 1905 in Munich and came into contact with art and music at an early stage. He studied trombone and composition at the Staatliche Akademie der Tonkunst in Munich from 1924 to 1929. Hartmann presented his first composition which displayed influences of jazz, Dadaism, persiflage technique and New Objectivity within the framework of the Opera Studio at the Bavarian State Opera. His Miserae for orchestra brought him initial international recognition at its performance at the IGNM Festival in Prague in 1935; in 1936, he won the Carillon competition in Geneva with his String Quartet No. 1. Following studies with Hermann Scherchen, Hartmann became the pupil of Anton Webern in 1941/42 whose compositional style exerted a strong influence in the following years.

In 1945, the composer was appointed as dramatic producer at the Bavarian State Theatre. Hartmann’s attempt to acquaint the audiences not only with classical modern works but also contemporary music by young composers became the guiding concept of the musica viva concerts which Hartmann organised right up until his death. The apocalyptic vision of the Gesangsszene for baritone and orchestra on texts from “Sodom and Gomorrha” remained unfinished and was published posthumously. Hartmann died on 5 December 1963.

After the seizure of power by the National Socialists in 1933 which resulted in a ban on the performance of Hartmann’s works, he regarded composition as his commitment to humanity. Several of his works are based on direct autobiographical experiences. The Sonate "27. April 1945" for piano originated as a reaction to an encounter with a train filled with prisoners who were expelled from the camp Dachau by the SS shortly before the end of the war. The sombre underlying atmosphere blends with the expression of solidarity and hope of salvation from tyranny. Melodic fragments with Jewish influences permeate the opera Simplicius Simplicissimus which was composed in 1934/35 (and revised in 1956/57) following encouragement by Scherchen and incorporates songs and chorales. The libretto based on Grimmelshausen’s Baroque novel affirms the dignity of the individual confronted by a world of barbarity and establishes parallels between the Thirty Years’ War and Fascism.

Alongside the violin concerto (Concerto funebre) composed in 1939, Hartmann’s eight symphonies provide an impressive and committed testimony to the composer’s instrumental oeuvre. During the post-war years, Hartmann began to revise the substantial symphonic sketches which he had created during his period of internal emigration. The preliminary phases of the 1st Symphony with the subtitle “Versuch eines Requiems” [Attempt at a Requiem] date back to the year 1935 and the 3rd Symphony (1948/49) is based on a “Sinfonia tragica” from 1940. The Symphonie Concertante (5th Symphony), completed in 1951, also utilises material from a previously conceived composition, the burlesque Concertino for trumpet and wind ensemble (1933). Within the framework of a compositional commission by the Bavarian broadcasting company Bayerischer Rundfunk, Hartmann revised his “Symphonie L’Oeuvre” based on Zola which was given its first performance in 1953 as the 6th Symphony. In 1963, the 8th Symphony was premiered in Cologne. The work appears as the concentrated sum of the entire symphonic and concerto oeuvre of Hartmann with its juxtaposition of scherzo, fugal and finale elements.

From 1948 onwards, Hartmann’s compositions were performed with increasing frequency. In 1949, he was awarded the Music Prize of the City of Munich. This was followed by the Kunstpreis from the Bavarian Academy of the Fine Arts (1950), the Arnold Schoenberg Medal from the IGNM (1954), the Große Kunstpreis from the federal state of North-Rhine Westphalia (1957) and the Ludwig Spohr Prize from the city of Braunschweig (1959), the Schwabinger Kunstpreis (1961) and the Bavarian Order of Merit (1959). Hartmann became a member of the Academy of Arts in Munich (1952) and in Berlin (1955) and received an honorary doctorate from the Spokane University in Washington in 1962.

1905
Born on 2 August in Munich
1919
Enters the teacher training college at Pasing near Munich
1924
Begins his studies at the Staatliche Akademie der Tonkunst in Munich
1928
Founds the concert series organized by the artists association "Die Juryfreien"
1931
World première of "Burleske Musik" for winds, percussion and piano; the piece is dedicated to Elisabeth Reussmann, his future wife.
1933
World première of the "Concertino" for trumpet with 7 solo instruments in Strasbourg
1933-45
During this period he writes several major orchestral works, only some of which are performed during his lifetime ("Miserae", "Sinfoniae Drammaticae": "Symphonic Overture" - "Symphonic Hymns" - Symphonic Suite "Vita Nova"). Several works are incorporated in the later Symphonies No. 1 and Nos. 3-6. ("Symphonie L’Œuvre", "Symphony for Strings", "Sinfonia tragica", "Klagegesang", "Lamento")
1934
Marries Elisabeth Reussmann
1935
His son Richard is born
1936
World première of the "String quartet No. 1" at the "Carillon" Geneva chamber music competition. The "String quartet No. 1" was awarded 1st Prize.
1937
Cantata "Friede Anno 48" is awarded a prize by the Emil Hertzka Foundation, Vienna
1940
"Concerto funebre" premiered in St. Gallen, Switzerland
1942
Private tuition with Anton von Webern in Maria Enzersdorf near Vienna
1945
Co-founder of the Musica Viva concerts of which he was artistic director until his death.
1947
"Symphonische Ouvertüre" premiered at the Darmstadt Ferienkurse
1948
World première of the "Symphony No. 4" in Munich
1949
Musical Award given by the city of Munich
1950
Arts Award received from the Bayerische Akademie der Schönen Künste, Munich
1951
World première of the Symphony No. 5 "Symphonie concertante" by the Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart, conducted by Hans Müller-Kray in Stuttgart
1952
Member of the Bayerische Akademie der Schönen Künste
1953
World première of the "Concerto" for piano, winds and percussion at the Donaueschinger Musiktage
1954
Awarded the Schönberg Medal of the IGNM
1955
Becomes a member of the Akademie der Schönen Künste Berlin
1956
World première of the "Konzert für Bratsche und Klavier" by the hr-Sinfonieorchester in Frankfurt am Main
1957
Grand Arts Award received of the Land of Nordrhein-Westfalia
1959
World première of the new version of "Concerto funebre" in Braunschweig
1961
Honored with an Arts Award by the City of Berlin
1962
Awarded an honorary doctorate by the Spokane Conservatory, Washington
1963
Karl Amadeus Hartmann dies on 5 December in Munich
1964
Premiere of "Gesangsszene" zu Worten aus Sodom und Gomorrha von Jean Giraudoux in Frankfurt am Main
1969
World première of the "Kammerkonzert" for clarinet, string quartet and string orchestra by the Tonhalle-Orchester in Zurich
1982
World première of the sonata "27. April 1945" at the Musica Viva Festival in Munich.
1987
The "2. Sonate" for violin is premiered at the Musica Viva Festival in Munich.
1988
World première of "Wachsfigurenkabinett" at the 1st Munich Biennale
1990
"Klagegesang" premiered by the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Lorin Maazel in Pittsburgh.
2008
The "Symphonie L’Œuvre" premiered at the Musica Viva Festival in Munich.
2018-11-21 | München (Allemagne), Karl-Amadeus-Hartmann-Gesellschaft
Chef d'orchestre: Dieter Köhnlein
Orchestre: Kammerorchester des Karlsruher Institut für Technologie
2018-11-24 | Karlsruhe (Allemagne), KIT Gerthsen Hörsaal — 20:00
Orchestre: Württembergisches Kammerorchester Heilbronn
2019-04-03 | Holzminden (Allemagne)
Orchestre: Kammerakademie Potsdam
2019-05-12 | Potsdam (Allemagne), Friedenskirche — 18:00

par page
  1. Sonata

    Sonata "27 April 1945"

    2nd Piano Sonata
    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Instrumentation: piano
    N° Réf.: ED 6870 Q2829
    21,99 €  *
  2. Kammerkonzert

    Kammerkonzert

    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Instrumentation: clarinet, string quartet and string orchestra
    Édition: Partition de direction et d'étude
    N° Réf.: ED 9610 Q5982
    25,99 €  *
  3. 7.  Symphony

    7. Symphony

    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Instrumentation: large orchestra
    Édition: Partition d'étude
    N° Réf.: ED 5005 Q40440
    31,99 €  *
  4. Simplicius Simplicissimus

    Simplicius Simplicissimus

    3 Szenen aus seiner Jugend
    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Librettiste: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Édition: Partition d'étude
    Langue : allemand
    N° Réf.: ED 5019 Q40443
    69,99 €  *
  5. Sonatina

    Sonatina

    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Instrumentation: piano
    N° Réf.: ED 6258 Q2693
    12,99 €  *
  6. Jazz- Toccata and Fugue

    Jazz- Toccata and Fugue

    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Instrumentation: piano
    N° Réf.: ED 6426 Q2726
    12,99 €  *
  7. 1. Sonate

    1. Sonate

    "An schöne Stunden denk ich immer"
    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Instrumentation: violin
    N° Réf.: ED 7520 Q2940
    15,99 €  *
  8. Friede Anno 48

    Friede Anno 48

    nach Texten von Andreas Gryphius
    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Instrumentation: mixed choir (SATB) with soprano solo and piano
    Édition: Partition de choeur
    Langue : allemand
    N° Réf.: ED 6006-01 Q9048
    7,99 €  *
  9. Simplicius Simplicissimus

    Simplicius Simplicissimus

    3 Szenen aus seiner Jugend
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Librettiste: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Édition: Llivret/libretto
    Langue : allemand
    N° Réf.: BN 3330-80
    6,99 €  *
  10. Jüdische Chronik

    Jüdische Chronik

    Instrumentation: solistes (ABar), choeur de chambre, 2 récitants et petit orchestre
    Édition: Piano-chant, (= choral score)
    Langue : allemand
    N° Réf.: BB 5500302
    19,50 €  *

par page
Profil

His concept of life oriented towards humanity is inscribed in all his scores. A warning in view of the atrocities of this world, but also resistance from the heart: a revocation of the spirits, love and life. (Udo Zimmermann)

Karl Amadeus Hartmann was born on 2 August 1905 in Munich and came into contact with art and music at an early stage. He studied trombone and composition at the Staatliche Akademie der Tonkunst in Munich from 1924 to 1929. Hartmann presented his first composition which displayed influences of jazz, Dadaism, persiflage technique and New Objectivity within the framework of the Opera Studio at the Bavarian State Opera. His Miserae for orchestra brought him initial international recognition at its performance at the IGNM Festival in Prague in 1935; in 1936, he won the Carillon competition in Geneva with his String Quartet No. 1. Following studies with Hermann Scherchen, Hartmann became the pupil of Anton Webern in 1941/42 whose compositional style exerted a strong influence in the following years.

In 1945, the composer was appointed as dramatic producer at the Bavarian State Theatre. Hartmann’s attempt to acquaint the audiences not only with classical modern works but also contemporary music by young composers became the guiding concept of the musica viva concerts which Hartmann organised right up until his death. The apocalyptic vision of the Gesangsszene for baritone and orchestra on texts from “Sodom and Gomorrha” remained unfinished and was published posthumously. Hartmann died on 5 December 1963.

After the seizure of power by the National Socialists in 1933 which resulted in a ban on the performance of Hartmann’s works, he regarded composition as his commitment to humanity. Several of his works are based on direct autobiographical experiences. The Sonate "27. April 1945" for piano originated as a reaction to an encounter with a train filled with prisoners who were expelled from the camp Dachau by the SS shortly before the end of the war. The sombre underlying atmosphere blends with the expression of solidarity and hope of salvation from tyranny. Melodic fragments with Jewish influences permeate the opera Simplicius Simplicissimus which was composed in 1934/35 (and revised in 1956/57) following encouragement by Scherchen and incorporates songs and chorales. The libretto based on Grimmelshausen’s Baroque novel affirms the dignity of the individual confronted by a world of barbarity and establishes parallels between the Thirty Years’ War and Fascism.

Alongside the violin concerto (Concerto funebre) composed in 1939, Hartmann’s eight symphonies provide an impressive and committed testimony to the composer’s instrumental oeuvre. During the post-war years, Hartmann began to revise the substantial symphonic sketches which he had created during his period of internal emigration. The preliminary phases of the 1st Symphony with the subtitle “Versuch eines Requiems” [Attempt at a Requiem] date back to the year 1935 and the 3rd Symphony (1948/49) is based on a “Sinfonia tragica” from 1940. The Symphonie Concertante (5th Symphony), completed in 1951, also utilises material from a previously conceived composition, the burlesque Concertino for trumpet and wind ensemble (1933). Within the framework of a compositional commission by the Bavarian broadcasting company Bayerischer Rundfunk, Hartmann revised his “Symphonie L’Oeuvre” based on Zola which was given its first performance in 1953 as the 6th Symphony. In 1963, the 8th Symphony was premiered in Cologne. The work appears as the concentrated sum of the entire symphonic and concerto oeuvre of Hartmann with its juxtaposition of scherzo, fugal and finale elements.

From 1948 onwards, Hartmann’s compositions were performed with increasing frequency. In 1949, he was awarded the Music Prize of the City of Munich. This was followed by the Kunstpreis from the Bavarian Academy of the Fine Arts (1950), the Arnold Schoenberg Medal from the IGNM (1954), the Große Kunstpreis from the federal state of North-Rhine Westphalia (1957) and the Ludwig Spohr Prize from the city of Braunschweig (1959), the Schwabinger Kunstpreis (1961) and the Bavarian Order of Merit (1959). Hartmann became a member of the Academy of Arts in Munich (1952) and in Berlin (1955) and received an honorary doctorate from the Spokane University in Washington in 1962.

œuvre
Chronologie
1905
Born on 2 August in Munich
1919
Enters the teacher training college at Pasing near Munich
1924
Begins his studies at the Staatliche Akademie der Tonkunst in Munich
1928
Founds the concert series organized by the artists association "Die Juryfreien"
1931
World première of "Burleske Musik" for winds, percussion and piano; the piece is dedicated to Elisabeth Reussmann, his future wife.
1933
World première of the "Concertino" for trumpet with 7 solo instruments in Strasbourg
1933-45
During this period he writes several major orchestral works, only some of which are performed during his lifetime ("Miserae", "Sinfoniae Drammaticae": "Symphonic Overture" - "Symphonic Hymns" - Symphonic Suite "Vita Nova"). Several works are incorporated in the later Symphonies No. 1 and Nos. 3-6. ("Symphonie L’Œuvre", "Symphony for Strings", "Sinfonia tragica", "Klagegesang", "Lamento")
1934
Marries Elisabeth Reussmann
1935
His son Richard is born
1936
World première of the "String quartet No. 1" at the "Carillon" Geneva chamber music competition. The "String quartet No. 1" was awarded 1st Prize.
1937
Cantata "Friede Anno 48" is awarded a prize by the Emil Hertzka Foundation, Vienna
1940
"Concerto funebre" premiered in St. Gallen, Switzerland
1942
Private tuition with Anton von Webern in Maria Enzersdorf near Vienna
1945
Co-founder of the Musica Viva concerts of which he was artistic director until his death.
1947
"Symphonische Ouvertüre" premiered at the Darmstadt Ferienkurse
1948
World première of the "Symphony No. 4" in Munich
1949
Musical Award given by the city of Munich
1950
Arts Award received from the Bayerische Akademie der Schönen Künste, Munich
1951
World première of the Symphony No. 5 "Symphonie concertante" by the Radio-Sinfonieorchester Stuttgart, conducted by Hans Müller-Kray in Stuttgart
1952
Member of the Bayerische Akademie der Schönen Künste
1953
World première of the "Concerto" for piano, winds and percussion at the Donaueschinger Musiktage
1954
Awarded the Schönberg Medal of the IGNM
1955
Becomes a member of the Akademie der Schönen Künste Berlin
1956
World première of the "Konzert für Bratsche und Klavier" by the hr-Sinfonieorchester in Frankfurt am Main
1957
Grand Arts Award received of the Land of Nordrhein-Westfalia
1959
World première of the new version of "Concerto funebre" in Braunschweig
1961
Honored with an Arts Award by the City of Berlin
1962
Awarded an honorary doctorate by the Spokane Conservatory, Washington
1963
Karl Amadeus Hartmann dies on 5 December in Munich
1964
Premiere of "Gesangsszene" zu Worten aus Sodom und Gomorrha von Jean Giraudoux in Frankfurt am Main
1969
World première of the "Kammerkonzert" for clarinet, string quartet and string orchestra by the Tonhalle-Orchester in Zurich
1982
World première of the sonata "27. April 1945" at the Musica Viva Festival in Munich.
1987
The "2. Sonate" for violin is premiered at the Musica Viva Festival in Munich.
1988
World première of "Wachsfigurenkabinett" at the 1st Munich Biennale
1990
"Klagegesang" premiered by the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, conducted by Lorin Maazel in Pittsburgh.
2008
The "Symphonie L’Œuvre" premiered at the Musica Viva Festival in Munich.
Représentations
2018-11-21 | München (Allemagne), Karl-Amadeus-Hartmann-Gesellschaft
Chef d'orchestre: Dieter Köhnlein
Orchestre: Kammerorchester des Karlsruher Institut für Technologie
2018-11-24 | Karlsruhe (Allemagne), KIT Gerthsen Hörsaal — 20:00
Orchestre: Württembergisches Kammerorchester Heilbronn
2019-04-03 | Holzminden (Allemagne)
Orchestre: Kammerakademie Potsdam
2019-05-12 | Potsdam (Allemagne), Friedenskirche — 18:00
Produits

par page
  1. Sonata

    Sonata "27 April 1945"

    2nd Piano Sonata
    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Instrumentation: piano
    N° Réf.: ED 6870 Q2829
    21,99 €  *
  2. Kammerkonzert

    Kammerkonzert

    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Instrumentation: clarinet, string quartet and string orchestra
    Édition: Partition de direction et d'étude
    N° Réf.: ED 9610 Q5982
    25,99 €  *
  3. 7.  Symphony

    7. Symphony

    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Instrumentation: large orchestra
    Édition: Partition d'étude
    N° Réf.: ED 5005 Q40440
    31,99 €  *
  4. Simplicius Simplicissimus

    Simplicius Simplicissimus

    3 Szenen aus seiner Jugend
    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Librettiste: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Édition: Partition d'étude
    Langue : allemand
    N° Réf.: ED 5019 Q40443
    69,99 €  *
  5. Sonatina

    Sonatina

    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Instrumentation: piano
    N° Réf.: ED 6258 Q2693
    12,99 €  *
  6. Jazz- Toccata and Fugue

    Jazz- Toccata and Fugue

    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Instrumentation: piano
    N° Réf.: ED 6426 Q2726
    12,99 €  *
  7. 1. Sonate

    1. Sonate

    "An schöne Stunden denk ich immer"
    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Instrumentation: violin
    N° Réf.: ED 7520 Q2940
    15,99 €  *
  8. Friede Anno 48

    Friede Anno 48

    nach Texten von Andreas Gryphius
    Partition numérique
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Instrumentation: mixed choir (SATB) with soprano solo and piano
    Édition: Partition de choeur
    Langue : allemand
    N° Réf.: ED 6006-01 Q9048
    7,99 €  *
  9. Simplicius Simplicissimus

    Simplicius Simplicissimus

    3 Szenen aus seiner Jugend
    Compositeur: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Librettiste: Hartmann, Karl Amadeus
    Édition: Llivret/libretto
    Langue : allemand
    N° Réf.: BN 3330-80
    6,99 €  *
  10. Jüdische Chronik

    Jüdische Chronik

    Instrumentation: solistes (ABar), choeur de chambre, 2 récitants et petit orchestre
    Édition: Piano-chant, (= choral score)
    Langue : allemand
    N° Réf.: BB 5500302
    19,50 €  *

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