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Concerto pour piano et orchestre

Concerto pour piano et orchestre

for Piano and Orchestra


  • Instrumentation: piano et orchestre
  • Édition: matériel d'exécution

 
Description
I composed the Piano Concerto in two stages: the first three movements during the years 1985-86, the next two in 1987, the final autograph of the last movement was ready by January, 1988. The concerto is dedicated to the American conductor Mario di Bonaventura. 

The markings of the movements are the following: 

1. Vivace molto ritmico e preciso 
2. Lento e deserto 
3. Vivace cantabile 
4. Allegro risoluto 
5. Presto luminoso.

The first performance of the three-movement Concerto was on October 23rd, 1986 in Graz. Mario di Bonaventura conducted while his brother, Anthony di Bonaventura, was the soloist. Two days later the performance was repeated in the Vienna Konzerthaus. After hearing the work twice, I came to the conclusion that the third movement is not an adequate finale; my feeling of form demanded continuation, a supplement. That led to the composing of the next two movements. The premiere of the whole cycle took place on February 29th, 1988, in the Vienna Konzerthaus with the same conductor and the same pianist. 

The orchestra consisted of the following: flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn, trumpet, tenor trombone, percussion and strings. The flautist also plays the piccoIo, the clarinetist, the alto ocarina. The percussion is made up of diverse instruments, which one musician-virtuoso can play. It is more practical, however, if two or three musicians share the instruments. Besides traditional instruments the percussion part calls also for two simple wind instruments: the swanee whistle and the harmonica. The string instrument parts (two violins, viola, cello and doubles bass) can be performed soloistic since they do not contain divisi. For balance, however, the ensemble playing is recommended, for example 6-8 first violins, 6-8 second, 4-6 violas, 4-6 cellos, 3-4 double basses. 

In the Piano Concerto I realized new concepts of harmony and rhythm. 

The first movement is entirely written in bimetry: simultaneously 12/8 and 4/4 (8/8). This relates to the known "triplet on a doule" relation and in itself is nothing new. Because, however, I articulate 12 triola and 8 duola pulses, an entangled, up till now unheard kind of polymetry is created. The rhythm is additionally complicated because of asymmetric groupings inside two speed layers, which means accents are asymmetrically distributed. These groups, as in the talea technique, have a fixed, continuously repeating rhythmic structures of varying lengths in speed layers of 12/8 and 4/4. This means that the repeating pattern in the 12/8 level and the pattern in the 4/4 level do not coincide and continuously give a kaleidoscope of renewing combinations. 

In our perception we quickly resign from following particular rhythmical successions and that what is going on in time appears for us as something static, resting. This music, if it is played properly, in the right tempo and with the right accents inside particular layers, after a certain time “rises", as it were, as a plane after taking off: the rhythmic action, too complex to be able to follow in detail, begins "flying". This diffusion of individual structures into a different global structure is one of my basic compositional concepts: from the end of the fifties, from the orchestral works Apparitions and Atmosphères I continuously have been looking for new ways of resolving this basic question. The harmony of the first movement is based on mixtures, hence on the parallel leading of voices. This technique is used here in a rather simple form; later in the fourth movement it will be considerably developed. 

The second movement (the only slow one amongst five movements) also has a talea type of structure, it is however much simpler rhythmically, because it contains only one speed layer. The melody is consisted in the development of a rigorous interval mode in which two minor seconds and one major second alternate therefore nine notes inside an octave. This mode is transposed into different degrees and it also determines the harmony of the movement; however, in closing episode in the piano part there is a combination of diatonics (white keys) and pentatonics (black keys) led in brilliant, sparkling quasimixtures, while the orchestra continues to play in the nine tone mode. 

In this movement I used isolated sounds and extreme registers (piccolo in a very low register, bassoon in a very high register, canons played by the swanee whistle, the alto ocarina and brass with a "harmon-mute"' damper, "cutting" sound combinations of the piccolo, clarinet and oboe in an extremely high register, also alternating of a whistle-siren and xylophone). The third movement also has one speed layer and because of this it appears as simpler than the first, but actually the rhythm is very complicated in a different way here. Above the uninterrupted, fast and regular basic pulse, thanks to the asymmetric distribution of accents, different types of hemiolas and "inherent melodical patterns" appear (the term was coined by Gerhard Kubik in relation to central African music). If this movement is played with the adequate speed and with very clear accentuation, illusory rhythmic-melodical figures appear. These figures are not played directly; they do not appear in the score, but exist only in our perception as a result of co-operation of different voices. 

Already earlier I had experimented with illusory rhythmics, namely in Poème symphonique for 100 metronomes (1962), in Continuum for harpsichord (1968), in Monument for two pianos (1976), and especially in the first and sixth piano etude Désordre and Automne à Varsovie (1985). 

The third movement of the Piano Concerto is up to now the clearest example of illusory rhythmics and illusory melody. In intervallic and chordal structure this movement is based on alternation, and also inter-relation of various modal and quasi-equidistant harmony spaces. The tempered twelve-part division of the octave allows for diatonical and other modal interval successions, which are not equidistant, but are based on the alternation of major and minor seconds in different groups. The tempered system also allows for the use of the anhemitonic pentatonic scale (the black keys of the piano). From equidistant scales, therefore interval formations which are based on the division of an octave in equal distances, the twelve-tone tempered system allows only chromatics (only minor seconds) and the six-tone scale (the whole-tone: only major seconds). 

Moreover, the division of the octave into four parts only minor thirds) and three parts (three major thirds) is possible. In several music cultures different equidistant divisions of an octave are accepted, for example, in the Javanese slendro into five parts, in Melanesia into seven parts, popular also in south­eastern Asia, and apart from this, in southern Africa. This does not mean an exact equidistance: there is a certain tolerance for the inaccurateness of the interval tuning. 

These exotic for us, Europeans, harmony and melody have attracted me for several years. However I did not want to re-tune the piano (microtone deviations appear in the concerto only in a few places in the horn and trombone parts led in natural tones). After the period of experimenting, I got to pseudo- or quasi­equidistant intervals, which is neither whole-tone nor chromatic: in the twelve-tone system, two whole-tone scales are possible, shifted a minor second apart from each other. Therefore, I connect these two scales (or sound resources), and for example, places occur where the melodies and figurations in the piano part are created from both whole tone scales; in one band one six-tone sound resource is utilized, and in the other hand, the complementary. In this way whole-tonality and chromaticism mutually reduce themselves: a type of deformed equidistancism is formed, strangely brilliant and at the same time "slanting"; illusory harmony, indeed being created inside the tempered twelve-tone system, but in sound quality not belonging to it anymore. 

The appearance of such "slanted­equidistant harmony fields" alternating with modal fields and based on chords built on fifths (mainly in the piano part), complemented with mixtures built on fifths in the orchestra, gives this movement an individual, soft-metallic colour (a metallic sound resulting from harmonics). 

The fourth movement was meant to be the central movement of the Concerto. Its melodc-rhythmic elements (embryos or fragments of motives) in themselves are simple. The movement also begins simply, with a succession of overlapping of these elements in the mixture type structures. Also here a kaleidoscope is created, due to a limited number of these elements - of these pebbles in the kaleidoscope - which continuously return in augmentations and diminutions. 

Step by step, however, so that in the beginning we cannot hear it, a compiled rhythmic organization of the talea type gradually comes into daylight, based on the simultaneity of two mutually shifted to each other speed layers (also triplet and duoles, however, with different asymmetric structures than in the first movement). While longer rests are gradually filled in with motive fragments, we slowly come to the conclusion that we have found ourselves inside a rhythmic-melodical whirl: without change in tempo, only through increasing the density of the musical events, a rotation is created in the stream of successive and compiled, augmented and diminished motive fragments, and increasing the density suggests acceleration. 

Thanks to the periodical structure of the composition, "always new but however of the same" (all the motivic cells are similar to earlier ones but none of them are exactly repeated; the general structure is therefore self-similar), an impression is created of a gigantic, indissoluble network. Also, rhythmic structures at first hidden gradually begin to emerge, two independent speed layers with their various internal accentuations. 

This great, self-similar whirl in a very indirect way relates to musical associations, which came to my mind while watching the graphic projection of the mathematical sets of Julia and of Mandelbrot made with the help of a computer. I saw these wonderful pictures of fractal creations, made by scientists from Brema, Peitgen and Richter, for the first time in 1984. From that time they have played a great role in my musical concepts. This does not mean, however, that composing the fourth movement I used mathematical methods or iterative calculus; indeed, I did use constructions which, however, are not based on mathematical thinking, but are rather "craftman’s" constructions (in this respect, my attitude towards mathematics is similar to that of the graphic artist Maurits Escher). I am concerned rather with intuitional, poetic, synesthetic correspondence, not on the scientific, but on the poetic level of thinking. 

The fifth, very short Presto movement is harmonically very simple, but all the more complicated in its rhythmic structure: it is based on the further development of ''inherent patterns" of the third movement. The quasi-equidistance system dominates harmonically and melodically in this movement, as in the third, alternating with harmonic fields, which are based on the division of the chromatic whole into diatonics and anhemitonic pentatonics. Polyrhythms and harmonic mixtures reach their greatest density, and at the same time this movement is strikingly light, enlightened with very bright colours: at first it seems chaotic, but after listening to it for a few times it is easy to grasp its content: many autonomous but self-similar figures which crossing themselves. 

I present my artistic credo in the Piano Concerto: I demonstrate my independence from criteria of the traditional avantgarde, as well as the fashionable postmodernism. Musical illusions which I consider to be also so important are not a goal in itself for me, but a foundation for my aesthetical attitude. I prefer musical forms which have a more object-like than processual character. Music as "frozen" time, as an object in imaginary space evoked by music in our imagination, as a creation which really develops in time, but in imagination it exists simultaneously in all its moments. The spell of time, the enduring its passing by, closing it in a moment of the present is my main intention as a composer. György Ligeti
Détails
Année de composition: 1985-1988
Contenu du texte: I Vivace molto ritmico e preciso
II Lento e deserto
III Vivace cantabile
IV Allegro risoluto, molto ritmico
V Presto luminoso
Durée de la performance: 24'0"
Maison d'édition: Schott Music
Uraufführung : 23. Oktober 1986 Graz (A) Steirischer Herbst 1986 · Anthony di Bonaventura, Klavier · Dirigent: Mario di Bonaventura · Mitglieder der Wiener Philharmoniker (Uraufführung 1.-3. Satz)

29. Februar 1988 Wien, Konzerthaus (A) · Anthony di Bonaventura, Klavier · Dirigent: Mario di Bonaventura · ORF-Symphonieorchester (Uraufführung 4. und 5. Satz)
instrumentation: 1 (auch Picc.) · 1 · 1 (auch Alt-Okarina in G) · 1 - 1 · 1 · 1 · 0 - S. (Glsp. · Xyl. · Trgl. · 2 Crot. · 2 hg. Beck., kl. u. normal groß · Schellentr. · kl. Tr. · 3 Rototoms · 4 Tomt. · gr. Tr. · 4 Woodbl. · 5 Tempelbl. · Guero · Kast. · Peitsche · Sirenenpf. · Trillerpf. · Lotosfl. · Flex. · Chromonica in C 270 [Hohner]) (1-2 Spieler) - Str. (8 · 7 · 6 · 5 · 4; auch solist. Streicherbesetzung [1 · 1 · 1 · 1 · 1] möglich)
Représentations
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2019-02-28 | Kyiv (Ukraine)
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2018-06-09 | München (Allemagne), Prinzregententheater — 19:00
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2018-05-17 | Evanston, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Norhwestern University Galvin Recital Hall
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2018-05-13 | London (Royaume Uni), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 15:00
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2018-04-19 | Bloomington, IN (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Auer Hall
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2018-01-28 | Frankfurt (Allemagne), Alte Oper — 19:30
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2018-01-24 | Hamburg (Allemagne), Elbphilharmonie, Kleiner Saal — 19:30
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2018-01-23 | Hamburg (Allemagne), Elbphilharmonie, Kleiner Saal — 19:30
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2018-01-19 | Zürich (Suisse), Toni-Areal — 19:30
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2018-01-18 | Utrecht (Pays-Bas), TivoliVredenburg — 20:15
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2017-12-16 | Budapest (Hongrie)
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2017-08-26 | Luzern (Suisse), KKL, Luzerner Saal — 22:00
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2017-06-22 | München (Allemagne), Prinzregententheater — 20:00
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2017-05-20 | Cleveland, OH (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Severance Hall
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2017-05-19 | Cleveland, OH (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Severance Hall
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2017-05-18 | Cleveland, OH (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Severance Hall
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2017-05-05 | London (Royaume Uni), Kings Place — 19:30
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2017-03-25 | Monte Carlo (Monaco), Auditorium Rainier III
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2017-03-12 | Prescott, AZ (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Yavapai Center for the Arts
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2017-03-10 | Phoenix, AZ (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Symphony Hall
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2017-03-04 | Jacksonville, FL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Jacoby Symphony Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Courtney Lewis
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2017-03-03 | Jacksonville, FL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Jacoby Symphony Hall
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2017-02-24 | Madrid (Espagne), Auditorio Nacional Madrid — 22:30
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2017-02-19 | London (Royaume Uni), Royal Festival Hall — 19:30
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2017-02-11 | Helsinki (Finlande), Music Centre — 17:30
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2017-01-21 | Sarasota. FL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), New Music New College
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2016-11-11 | Trondheim (Norvège), Dokkhuset Scene — 20:00
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2016-10-22 | Zagreb (Croatie)
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2016-06-03 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), The Metropolitan Museum of Arts
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2016-06-03 | Tokyo (Japon), Sogakudo
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2016-05-15 | Albuquerque, NM (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Las Puertas — 10:30
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2016-03-19 | Genève (Suisse), Alhambra — 20:00
Chef d'orchestre: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestre: Philharmonia Orchestra
2016-02-19 | London (Royaume Uni), Royal Festival Hall — 19:30
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2016-02-13 | Columbia, MO (Etats Unis d' Amérique), The Missouri Theatre
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Orchestre: Alarm Will Sound
2016-02-12 | St. Louis, MO (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Sheldon Concert Hall
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2015-09-17 | Milano (Italie), Teatro Litta — 20:30
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Orchestre: International Contemporary Ensemble
2015-08-16 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Avery Fisher Hall
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Orchestre: Alarm Will Sound
2015-06-27 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Whitney Museum of American Art
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Pierson
Orchestre: Alarm Will Sound
2015-06-26 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Whitney Museum of American Art
Chef d'orchestre: George Benjamin
Orchestre: London Sinfonietta
2015-06-25 | Snape (Royaume Uni), Britten Studio — 19:30
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Orchestre: Collegium Novum Zürich
2015-05-04 | Zürich (Suisse), Tonhalle, kleiner Saal
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Orchestre: Asko|Schönberg Ensemble
2015-04-20 | Zagreb (Croatie), Koncertna dvorana Vatroslava Lisinskog — 19:30
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Orchestre: Ensemble Musikfabrik
2015-04-19 | Köln (Allemagne), WDR Funkhaus am Wallrafplatz
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Orchestre: Ensemble Diagonal
2015-03-27 | Basel (Suisse), Musik-Akademie — 20:15
Chef d'orchestre: Peter Rundel
Orchestre: Ensemble Musikfabrik
2015-02-07 | Amsterdam (Pays-Bas), Concertgebouw — 14:00
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Orchestre: Izumi Sinfonietta Osaka
2015-01-24 | Osaka (Japon), Izumi Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Tito Ceccherini
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2015-01-16 | Paris (France), Philharmonie — 20:30
Chef d'orchestre: Beat Furrer
Orchestre: Klangforum Wien
2014-11-25 | Wien (Autriche), Konzerthaus, Mozart-Saal
Chef d'orchestre: Alex Jimenez
Orchestre: Florida State University
2014-11-08 | Tallahassee, FL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Florida State University
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Collon
Orchestre: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2014-10-04 | Birmingham (Royaume Uni), CBSO Centre
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2014-06-05 | Harpa (Islande), Concert Hall — 19:30
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2014-05-18 | Los Angeles, CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Royce Hall
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Orchestre: Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra
2014-05-17 | Glendale, CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Alex Theater
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2014-04-15 | Ljubljana (Slovénie), Dvorana Marjana Kozine
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2014-03-29 | Victoria (Canada), Alix Goolden Hall — 20:00
Chef d'orchestre: Stephen Taylor
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2014-03-19 | Urbana, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Foellinger Great Hall, Krannert CPA
Chef d'orchestre: Stephen Taylor
Orchestre: University of Illinois
2014-03-18 | Urbana, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Foellinger Great Hall, Krannert CPA
Chef d'orchestre: Pablo Heras-Casado
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2014-02-22 | Bordeaux (France), Auditorium, salle Dutilleux — 20:00
Chef d'orchestre: Alfredo Perl
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2014-02-04 | Detmold (Allemagne), Konzerthaus der Hochschule für Musik — 19:30
Chef d'orchestre: Oliver Hagen
Orchestre: Ensemble LPR
2014-01-24 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Le Poisson Rouge
Chef d'orchestre: Konstantia Gourzi
Orchestre: ensemble oktopus für musik der moderne
2013-12-02 | München (Allemagne), Reaktorhalle — 20:00
Chef d'orchestre: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestre: Asko|Schönberg Ensemble
2013-11-14 | Amsterdam (Pays-Bas), Muziekgebouw — 15:00
Chef d'orchestre: Alexander Jimenez
Orchestre: Florida State University
2013-10-11 | Tallahassee, FL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Ruby Diamond Concert Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Mark-Andreas Schlingensiepen
Orchestre: notabu.ensemble neue musik
2013-09-29 | Düsseldorf (Allemagne), Tonhalle — 18:00
Chef d'orchestre: Petr Kotík
Orchestre: Ensemble Ostravská banda
2013-05-31 | Praha (République tchèque), Archa Theatre
Chef d'orchestre: Jonathan Kaell
Orchestre: Ensemble Grenzpunkt
2013-05-29 | Saarbrücken (Allemagne), Hochschule für Musik
Chef d'orchestre: Scott Dunn
Orchestre: Jacaranda Chamber Ensemble
2013-01-12 | Santa Monica, CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), First Presbyterian Church
Chef d'orchestre: Joana Carneiro
Orchestre: Berkeley Symphony Orchestra
2012-12-06 | Berkeley, CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Zellerbach Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Baldur Brönnimann
Orchestre: Klangforum Wien
2012-11-28 | Buenos Aires (Argentine), Teatro Colon
Chef d'orchestre: Yasuaki Itakura
Orchestre: Philharmonic Orchestra of the Kunitachi College of Music
2012-11-10 | Tokyo (Japon), Kunitachi College of Music
Chef d'orchestre: Jean Deroyer
Orchestre: Ensemble Modern
2012-11-03 | Frankfurt/Main (Allemagne), Alte Oper — 20.00 h, 2. Abonnementkonzert
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestre: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-21 | Köln (Allemagne), Philharmonie — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Zsolt Nagy
Orchestre: Israel Symphony Orchestra
2012-10-20 | Tel Aviv (Israel), Museum of Art
Chef d'orchestre: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestre: BIT20 Ensemble
2012-10-18 | Bergen (Norvège), Grieghallen
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestre: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-18 | Bremen (Allemagne), Die Glocke — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestre: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-18 | Bremen (Allemagne), Die Glocke — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestre: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-17 | Bruxelles (Belgique), Palais des Beaux-Arts — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestre: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-16 | Hamburg (Allemagne), Laeiszhalle — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre Laurent Aimard
Orchestre: Länsmusiken i Örebro län AB
2012-09-20 | Örebro (Suède), Konserthus — 19.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Philipp Chizhevsky
Orchestre: Chamber Orchestra of Moscow Conservatory
2012-06-09 | Moscow (Russie), Conservatory
Chef d'orchestre: Evan Christ
Orchestre: Philharmonisches Orchester Cottbus
2012-05-13 | Cottbus (Allemagne), Staatstheater, Großes Haus — 19.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Evan Christ
Orchestre: Philharmonisches Orchester Cottbus
2012-05-11 | Cottbus (Allemagne), Staatstheater, Großes Haus — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestre: Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest
2012-04-13 | Amsterdam (Pays-Bas), Concertgebouw
Chef d'orchestre: Scott Dunn
Orchestre: Mimesis Ensemble
2012-04-02 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Zankel Hall at Carnegie Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Nikoloz Rachveli
Orchestre: Georgian State Philharmonic Orchestra
2012-03-30 | Tbilisi (Géorgie), Mikeladze Center, Concert Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Ken Takaseki
Orchestre: Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony Orchestra
2012-01-17 | Tokyo (Japon), Tokyo Bunka Kaikan
Chef d'orchestre: Fabián Panisello
Orchestre: Plural Ensemble
2011-10-13 | Madrid (Espagne), Auditorio Nacional de Música — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Pierson
Orchestre: Eastman School of Music Musica Nova
2011-10-05 | Rochester, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Kilbourn Hall, Eastman School of Music
Chef d'orchestre: Pascal Rophé
Orchestre: Kringkastingsorkestret (The Norwegian Radio Orchestra)
2011-09-16 | Oslo (Norvège), NRK, Store Studio
Chef d'orchestre: Silvain Cambreling
Orchestre: Klangforum Wien
2011-08-27 | Weimar (Allemagne), Weimarhalle — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Michael Lewanski
Orchestre: Ensemble Dal Niente
2011-05-28 | Chicago, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Nichols Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Franck Ollu
Orchestre: Ensemble Modern
2011-05-24 | Hamburg (Allemagne), NDR-Sendesaal
Chef d'orchestre: Theodore Antoniou
Orchestre: Hellenic Group of Contemporary Music
2011-05-12 | Athens (Grèce), Megaron, Dimitris Mitropoulos Hall — “In memoriam György Ligeti, An International Master”
Chef d'orchestre: Petr Kotík
Orchestre: Ostravská banda
2011-04-13 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Carnegie Hall — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestre: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-15 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Avery Fisher Hall — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestre: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-12 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Avery Fisher Hall — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestre: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-11 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Avery Fisher Hall — 11.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestre: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-10 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Avery Fisher Hall — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Paolo Bellomia
Orchestre: Universite de Montreal
2011-02-25 | Montreal, QC (Canada), Salle Pierre-Mercure
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-27 | Grenoble (France), MC2
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-26 | Lyon (France), Auditorium
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-24 | Madrid (Espagne), Auditorio 400
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-22 | Bourges (France), Maison de la culture
Chef d'orchestre: Kevin Stalheim
Orchestre: Present Music
2010-09-18 | Milwaukee, WI (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Turner Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Eduardo Leandro
Orchestre: Orquestra de Câmara do Festival
2010-07-21 | São Paulo (Brésil), Sala São Paulo
Chef d'orchestre: Eduardo Leandro
Orchestre: Orquestra de Câmara do Festival
2010-07-19 | São Paulo (Brésil), Auditório Claudio Santoro
Chef d'orchestre: Fabián Panisello
Orchestre: Orquesta de la Escuela Superior de Música Reina Sofia
2010-07-10 | Santander (Espagne), Palacio de Festivales
Chef d'orchestre: Petr Kotík
Orchestre: Ostravská banda
2010-06-06 | Praha (République tchèque), Archa Theatre
Chef d'orchestre: Robin Ticciati
Orchestre: Scottish Chamber Orchestra
2010-04-24 | Edinburgh (Royaume Uni), Queen\'s Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Robin Ticciati
Orchestre: Scottish Chamber Orchestra
2010-04-23 | Glasgow (Royaume Uni), City Halls
Chef d'orchestre: Robin Ticciati
Orchestre: Scottish Chamber Orchestra
2010-04-22 | St Andrews (Royaume Uni), Younger Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Dennis Russell Davies
Orchestre: Münchener Kammerorchester
2010-03-18 | München (Allemagne), Prinzregententheater
Chef d'orchestre: Gustav Kuhn
Orchestre: Orchestra Haydn
2010-03-17 | Trento (Italie), Auditorium
Chef d'orchestre: Gustav Kuhn
Orchestre: Orchestra Haydn
2010-03-16 | Bolzano (Italie), Auditorium
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-André Valade
Orchestre: Athelas Sinfonietta Copenhagen
2009-10-07 | København (Danemark), Espergærde Gymnasium
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-André Valade
Orchestre: Athelas Sinfonietta Copenhagen
2009-10-06 | København (Danemark), Den Sorte Diamant, Det Kgl. Bibliotek
Chef d'orchestre: Eric Heubner
2009-09-15 | Buffalo, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Lippes Concert Hall
2009-08-29 | Hamburg (Allemagne), Hochschule für Musik und Theater
Chef d'orchestre: Petr Kotík
Orchestre: Ostravská banda
2009-08-29 | Ostrava (République tchèque), House of Culture
Chef d'orchestre: Zoltán Rácz
Orchestre: UMZE Chamber Ensemble
2009-05-26 | Budapest (Hongrie), Béla Bartók National Concert Hall — 19.30 h - Hommage à Ligeti
Chef d'orchestre: Fabián Panisello
Orchestre: Plural Ensemble
2009-05-19 | Madrid (Espagne), Auditorio Nacional de Música — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2009-05-08 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Lincoln Center, Alice Tully Hall — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Etienne Siebens
Orchestre: Prometheus Ensemble
2009-04-09 | Brugge (Belgique), Concertgebouw — 20.00 h - ARS MUSICA 2009 - Hommage à Ligeti
Chef d'orchestre: Etienne Siebens
Orchestre: Prometheus Ensemble
2009-04-01 | Antwerpen (Belgique), deSingel — 20.00 h - Hommage à Ligeti
Chef d'orchestre: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestre: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2008-11-22 | Birmingham (Etats Unis d' Amérique), CBSO Centre — 18.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Zsolt Nagy
Orchestre: Israel Contemporary Players
2008-11-09 | Jerusalem (Israel), Jerusalem Music Center — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Zsolt Nagy
Orchestre: Israel Contemporary Players
2008-11-08 | Tel Aviv (Israel), Museum of Art — 20.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Dmitri Slobodeniouk
Orchestre: YLE Radion sinfoniaorkesteri
2008-10-15 | Helsinki (Finlande), Finlandia-talo — 19.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestre: REMIX ensemble
2008-06-28 | Porto (Portugal), Casa da Música, Sala Suggia — 21.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Collon
Orchestre: Aurora Orchestra
2008-06-08 | London (Royaume Uni), Duke\'s Hall, Royal Academy of Music — 18.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Peter Rundel
Orchestre: SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg
2008-04-06 | Dortmund (Allemagne), Konzerthaus — 18.00 Uhr - Portrait György Ligeti
Chef d'orchestre: Peter Rundel
Orchestre: SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg
2008-04-05 | Freiburg (Allemagne), Konzerthaus — 20.00 Uhr - Portrait György Ligeti
Chef d'orchestre: Stefan Asbury
Orchestre: Vlaams Radio Orkest
2008-02-23 | Bruxelles (Belgique), Flagey — 20.15 h
Chef d'orchestre: Normunds Sne
Orchestre: Sinfonietta Riga
2008-02-22 | Riga (Lettonie), Small Guild Hall — 19.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Stefan Asbury
Orchestre: Vlaams Radio Orkest
2008-02-21 | Gent (Belgique), de Bijloke — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Andriy Talpash
Orchestre: Plexoos Ensemble
2008-02-16 | Edmonton, AB (Canada), Convocation Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Emilio Pomárico
Orchestre: Asko Ensemble
2008-01-30 | Amsterdam (Pays-Bas), Concertgebouw, Kleine Zaal — 20.15 h
Chef d'orchestre: Fabrizio Ventura
Orchestre: Sinfonieorchester Münster
2007-12-12 | Münster (Allemagne), Städtische Bühnen, Kleines Haus — 20.00 Uhr
Chef d'orchestre: Fabrizio Ventura
Orchestre: Sinfonieorchester Münster
2007-12-11 | Münster (Allemagne), Städtische Bühnen, Kleines Haus — 20.00 Uhr
Chef d'orchestre: Etienne Siebens
Orchestre: Ensemble musikFabrik
2007-12-10 | Hamburg (Allemagne), Kampnagel K6 — 20.00 Uhr - Ligeti Remixed
Chef d'orchestre: Fabrizio Ventura
Orchestre: Sinfonieorchester Münster
2007-12-09 | Münster (Allemagne), Städtische Bühnen, Kleines Haus — 18.00 Uhr
Chef d'orchestre: Etienne Siebens
Orchestre: Ensemble musikFabrik
2007-12-08 | Berlin (Allemagne), Radialsystem, Friedrichshain — 21.00 Uhr
Chef d'orchestre: Denys Bouliane
Orchestre: McGill Contemporary Music Ensemble
2007-12-03 | Montréal, QC (Canada), McGill University, Pollack Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-11-17 | México (Mexique), Teatro de Bellas Artes — 18.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-11-15 | Monterrey (Mexique), Teatro de las Artes Aula Magna
Chef d'orchestre: Yasuaki Itakura
Orchestre: Tokyo Sinfonietta
2007-10-18 | Tokyo (Japon), Toppan Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Olari Elts
Orchestre: NYYD-Ensemble
2007-10-16 | Tallinn (Estonie), Estonia Concert Hall — 19.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: François-Xavier Roth
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-10-13 | Strasbourg (France), Opéra du Rhin — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Tito Ceccherini
Orchestre: Ensemble Risognanze
2007-09-10 | Torino (Italie), Piccolo Regio Giacomo Puccini — 17.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Jonathan Nott
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-08-19 | Luzern (Suisse), Luzerner Saal — 20.30 Uhr - Ligeti-Hommage
Chef d'orchestre: Douglas Boyd
Orchestre: Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra
2007-06-10 | Ojai, CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Libbey Bowl — 17.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Eduardo Leandro
Orchestre: State University of New York
2007-05-03 | Stony Brook, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Staller Center - Stony Brook University
Chef d'orchestre: Fabrice Pierre
Orchestre: Atelier XX-21
2007-04-30 | Lyon (France), Salle Varèse — 20.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Mark-Andreas Schlingensiepen
Orchestre: notabu.ensemble neue musik
2007-04-27 | Düsseldorf (Allemagne), Tonhalle — 20.00 Uhr
Chef d'orchestre: Fabián Panisello
Orchestre: Plural Ensemble
2007-04-25 | Madrid (Espagne), Circulo de Bellas Artes
Chef d'orchestre: Juan García Rodríguez
Orchestre: Zahir Ensemble
2007-03-28 | Granada (Espagne), Teatro Alhambra
Chef d'orchestre: Juan García Rodríguez
Orchestre: Zahir Ensemble
2007-03-27 | Sevilla (Espagne), Teatro Central
Chef d'orchestre: Fabrice Pierre
Orchestre: Atelier XX-21
2007-03-14 | Lyon (France), Salle Varèse — 20.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: George Benjamin
Orchestre: London Sinfonietta
2007-03-13 | London (Royaume Uni), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Ivor Bolton
Orchestre: Mozarteum Orchester Salzburg
2007-01-28 | Salzburg (Autriche), Mozarteum — 19.30 Uhr
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Pierson
Orchestre: Alarm Will Sound
2006-12-15 | Rochester, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Eastman School of Music
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre Boulez
Orchestre: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-10 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique)
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre Boulez
Orchestre: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-05 | Chicago, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Symphony Center — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre Boulez
Orchestre: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-02 | Chicago, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Symphony Center — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre Boulez
Orchestre: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-01 | Chicago, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Symphony Center — 13.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre Boulez
Orchestre: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-11-30 | Chicago, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Symphony Center — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Pierson
Orchestre: Alarm Will Sound
2006-10-20 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), the Kitchen
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2006-09-30 | Amsterdam (Pays-Bas), Concertgeboouw, Grote Zaal — 14.15 h
Chef d'orchestre: Fabian Panisiello
Orchestre: Joven Orquesta Nacional de España
2006-09-30 | Alicante (Espagne), Teatro Principal
Chef d'orchestre: Fabian Panisiello
Orchestre: Joven Orquesta Nacional de España
2006-09-28 | Alicante (Espagne), Teatro Principal
Chef d'orchestre: George Benjamin
Orchestre: London Sinfonietta
2006-05-27 | Monmouth (Royaume Uni), Wyastone Leys — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: David Robertson
Orchestre: The Zankel Band
2006-05-18 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Carnegie Hall, Zankel Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Leo Kramer
Orchestre: Orquesta Filarmónica de la UNAM
2006-03-26 | México (Mexique)
Chef d'orchestre: Leo Kramer
Orchestre: Orquesta Filarmónica de la UNAM
2006-03-25 | México (Mexique)
Chef d'orchestre: Michael Rafferty
Orchestre: Millenium Ensemble
2006-03-17 | Cardiff (Royaume Uni), Temple of Peace
Chef d'orchestre: Jean Deroyer
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2006-03-16 | Cherbourg (France), Le Trident — 20.45 h
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2006-02-24 | Paris (France), Cité de la Musique, Salle des concerts — 20.00 h
2005-11-05 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-11-04 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
Chef d'orchestre: Patti Monson
Orchestre: Manhattan School of Music Contemporary Ensemble
2005-11-03 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), John C. Borden Auditorium — 20.00 h
2005-10-29 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve — 14.00 h & 20.00 h
2005-10-27 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-10-22 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-10-21 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-10-20 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve | Première soirée
Chef d'orchestre: Fabián Panisello
Orchestre: Plural Ensemble
2005-09-26 | Salamanca (Espagne), Auditorio del Conservatorio Superior de Música — 21.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Jonathan Nott
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2005-05-25 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Lincoln Center, Rose Theater — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Marc Lowenstein
Orchestre: California Institute of the Arts
2005-03-05 | Valencia, CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Recital Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Ken Takaseki
Orchestre: Japan Chamber Orchestra
2005-02-23 | Tokyo (Japon), Suntory Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Victor Yampolsky
Orchestre: Northwestern University
2004-11-18 | Evanston, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique)
Chef d'orchestre: Peter Hirsch
Orchestre: Ensemble Contrechamps
2004-10-12 | Genève (Suisse), Plainpalais, Salle communale
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Gilbert
Orchestre: Kungliga Filharmonikerna
2004-05-24 | Stockholm (Suède), Konserthus — 16.00 Uhr
Chef d'orchestre: Franck Ollu
Orchestre: Ensemble Modern
2004-04-02 | München (Allemagne), Muffathalle
Chef d'orchestre: Oswald Sallaberger
Orchestre: Beethoven Academie
2004-03-16 | Antwerpen (Belgique), deSingel
Chef d'orchestre: Oswald Sallaberger
Orchestre: Beethoven Academie
2004-03-13 | Brugge (Belgique), Concertgebouw
Chef d'orchestre: Oswald Sallaberger
Orchestre: Beethoven Academie
2004-03-12 | Mechelen (Belgique), Oude Mechelse Vleeshalle
Chef d'orchestre: George Benjamin
Orchestre: London Sinfonietta
2003-10-17 | London (Royaume Uni), Barbican Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Simon Rattle
Orchestre: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2000-10-16 | Birmingham (Royaume Uni), Symphony Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Simon Rattle
Orchestre: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2000-10-10 | London (Royaume Uni), Barbican Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestre: Sinfonia 21
2000-09-05 | London (Royaume Uni), Royal Albert Hall — 22.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestre: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-06 | Dorset (Royaume Uni), Poole Arts Centre
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestre: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-05 | Chelmsford (Royaume Uni), Civic Centre
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestre: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-04 | Cambridge (Royaume Uni), Corn Exchange
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestre: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-03 | Canterbury (Royaume Uni), Shirley Hall, King\'s School
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestre: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-02 | Basingstoke (Royaume Uni), The Anvil
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestre: Britten Sinfonia
2000-02-29 | London (Royaume Uni), Barbican Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestre: BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra
1999-02-27 | Glasgow (Royaume Uni), Royal Concert Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestre: Philharmonia Orchestra
1998-05-18 | London (Royaume Uni), Royal Festival Hall
Chef d'orchestre: James Wood
Orchestre: London Sinfonietta
1997-01-31 | London (Royaume Uni), Queen Elizabeth Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Jonathan Nott
Orchestre: Asko Ensemble
1993-09-02 | London (Royaume Uni), Royal Albert Hall — 22.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Mario di Bonaventura
Orchestre: ORF-Symphonieorchester
1988-02-29 | Wien (Autriche), Konzerthaus | Première mondiale (révision)
Chef d'orchestre: Mario di Bonaventura
Orchestre: Mitglieder der Wiener Philharmoniker
1986-10-23 | Graz (Autriche) | Première mondiale
Streaming audio
I composed the Piano Concerto in two stages: the first three movements during the years 1985-86, the next two in 1987, the final autograph of the last movement was ready by January, 1988. The concerto is dedicated to the American conductor Mario di Bonaventura. 

The markings of the movements are the following: 

1. Vivace molto ritmico e preciso 
2. Lento e deserto 
3. Vivace cantabile 
4. Allegro risoluto 
5. Presto luminoso.

The first performance of the three-movement Concerto was on October 23rd, 1986 in Graz. Mario di Bonaventura conducted while his brother, Anthony di Bonaventura, was the soloist. Two days later the performance was repeated in the Vienna Konzerthaus. After hearing the work twice, I came to the conclusion that the third movement is not an adequate finale; my feeling of form demanded continuation, a supplement. That led to the composing of the next two movements. The premiere of the whole cycle took place on February 29th, 1988, in the Vienna Konzerthaus with the same conductor and the same pianist. 

The orchestra consisted of the following: flute, oboe, clarinet, bassoon, horn, trumpet, tenor trombone, percussion and strings. The flautist also plays the piccoIo, the clarinetist, the alto ocarina. The percussion is made up of diverse instruments, which one musician-virtuoso can play. It is more practical, however, if two or three musicians share the instruments. Besides traditional instruments the percussion part calls also for two simple wind instruments: the swanee whistle and the harmonica. The string instrument parts (two violins, viola, cello and doubles bass) can be performed soloistic since they do not contain divisi. For balance, however, the ensemble playing is recommended, for example 6-8 first violins, 6-8 second, 4-6 violas, 4-6 cellos, 3-4 double basses. 

In the Piano Concerto I realized new concepts of harmony and rhythm. 

The first movement is entirely written in bimetry: simultaneously 12/8 and 4/4 (8/8). This relates to the known "triplet on a doule" relation and in itself is nothing new. Because, however, I articulate 12 triola and 8 duola pulses, an entangled, up till now unheard kind of polymetry is created. The rhythm is additionally complicated because of asymmetric groupings inside two speed layers, which means accents are asymmetrically distributed. These groups, as in the talea technique, have a fixed, continuously repeating rhythmic structures of varying lengths in speed layers of 12/8 and 4/4. This means that the repeating pattern in the 12/8 level and the pattern in the 4/4 level do not coincide and continuously give a kaleidoscope of renewing combinations. 

In our perception we quickly resign from following particular rhythmical successions and that what is going on in time appears for us as something static, resting. This music, if it is played properly, in the right tempo and with the right accents inside particular layers, after a certain time “rises", as it were, as a plane after taking off: the rhythmic action, too complex to be able to follow in detail, begins "flying". This diffusion of individual structures into a different global structure is one of my basic compositional concepts: from the end of the fifties, from the orchestral works Apparitions and Atmosphères I continuously have been looking for new ways of resolving this basic question. The harmony of the first movement is based on mixtures, hence on the parallel leading of voices. This technique is used here in a rather simple form; later in the fourth movement it will be considerably developed. 

The second movement (the only slow one amongst five movements) also has a talea type of structure, it is however much simpler rhythmically, because it contains only one speed layer. The melody is consisted in the development of a rigorous interval mode in which two minor seconds and one major second alternate therefore nine notes inside an octave. This mode is transposed into different degrees and it also determines the harmony of the movement; however, in closing episode in the piano part there is a combination of diatonics (white keys) and pentatonics (black keys) led in brilliant, sparkling quasimixtures, while the orchestra continues to play in the nine tone mode. 

In this movement I used isolated sounds and extreme registers (piccolo in a very low register, bassoon in a very high register, canons played by the swanee whistle, the alto ocarina and brass with a "harmon-mute"' damper, "cutting" sound combinations of the piccolo, clarinet and oboe in an extremely high register, also alternating of a whistle-siren and xylophone). The third movement also has one speed layer and because of this it appears as simpler than the first, but actually the rhythm is very complicated in a different way here. Above the uninterrupted, fast and regular basic pulse, thanks to the asymmetric distribution of accents, different types of hemiolas and "inherent melodical patterns" appear (the term was coined by Gerhard Kubik in relation to central African music). If this movement is played with the adequate speed and with very clear accentuation, illusory rhythmic-melodical figures appear. These figures are not played directly; they do not appear in the score, but exist only in our perception as a result of co-operation of different voices. 

Already earlier I had experimented with illusory rhythmics, namely in Poème symphonique for 100 metronomes (1962), in Continuum for harpsichord (1968), in Monument for two pianos (1976), and especially in the first and sixth piano etude Désordre and Automne à Varsovie (1985). 

The third movement of the Piano Concerto is up to now the clearest example of illusory rhythmics and illusory melody. In intervallic and chordal structure this movement is based on alternation, and also inter-relation of various modal and quasi-equidistant harmony spaces. The tempered twelve-part division of the octave allows for diatonical and other modal interval successions, which are not equidistant, but are based on the alternation of major and minor seconds in different groups. The tempered system also allows for the use of the anhemitonic pentatonic scale (the black keys of the piano). From equidistant scales, therefore interval formations which are based on the division of an octave in equal distances, the twelve-tone tempered system allows only chromatics (only minor seconds) and the six-tone scale (the whole-tone: only major seconds). 

Moreover, the division of the octave into four parts only minor thirds) and three parts (three major thirds) is possible. In several music cultures different equidistant divisions of an octave are accepted, for example, in the Javanese slendro into five parts, in Melanesia into seven parts, popular also in south­eastern Asia, and apart from this, in southern Africa. This does not mean an exact equidistance: there is a certain tolerance for the inaccurateness of the interval tuning. 

These exotic for us, Europeans, harmony and melody have attracted me for several years. However I did not want to re-tune the piano (microtone deviations appear in the concerto only in a few places in the horn and trombone parts led in natural tones). After the period of experimenting, I got to pseudo- or quasi­equidistant intervals, which is neither whole-tone nor chromatic: in the twelve-tone system, two whole-tone scales are possible, shifted a minor second apart from each other. Therefore, I connect these two scales (or sound resources), and for example, places occur where the melodies and figurations in the piano part are created from both whole tone scales; in one band one six-tone sound resource is utilized, and in the other hand, the complementary. In this way whole-tonality and chromaticism mutually reduce themselves: a type of deformed equidistancism is formed, strangely brilliant and at the same time "slanting"; illusory harmony, indeed being created inside the tempered twelve-tone system, but in sound quality not belonging to it anymore. 

The appearance of such "slanted­equidistant harmony fields" alternating with modal fields and based on chords built on fifths (mainly in the piano part), complemented with mixtures built on fifths in the orchestra, gives this movement an individual, soft-metallic colour (a metallic sound resulting from harmonics). 

The fourth movement was meant to be the central movement of the Concerto. Its melodc-rhythmic elements (embryos or fragments of motives) in themselves are simple. The movement also begins simply, with a succession of overlapping of these elements in the mixture type structures. Also here a kaleidoscope is created, due to a limited number of these elements - of these pebbles in the kaleidoscope - which continuously return in augmentations and diminutions. 

Step by step, however, so that in the beginning we cannot hear it, a compiled rhythmic organization of the talea type gradually comes into daylight, based on the simultaneity of two mutually shifted to each other speed layers (also triplet and duoles, however, with different asymmetric structures than in the first movement). While longer rests are gradually filled in with motive fragments, we slowly come to the conclusion that we have found ourselves inside a rhythmic-melodical whirl: without change in tempo, only through increasing the density of the musical events, a rotation is created in the stream of successive and compiled, augmented and diminished motive fragments, and increasing the density suggests acceleration. 

Thanks to the periodical structure of the composition, "always new but however of the same" (all the motivic cells are similar to earlier ones but none of them are exactly repeated; the general structure is therefore self-similar), an impression is created of a gigantic, indissoluble network. Also, rhythmic structures at first hidden gradually begin to emerge, two independent speed layers with their various internal accentuations. 

This great, self-similar whirl in a very indirect way relates to musical associations, which came to my mind while watching the graphic projection of the mathematical sets of Julia and of Mandelbrot made with the help of a computer. I saw these wonderful pictures of fractal creations, made by scientists from Brema, Peitgen and Richter, for the first time in 1984. From that time they have played a great role in my musical concepts. This does not mean, however, that composing the fourth movement I used mathematical methods or iterative calculus; indeed, I did use constructions which, however, are not based on mathematical thinking, but are rather "craftman’s" constructions (in this respect, my attitude towards mathematics is similar to that of the graphic artist Maurits Escher). I am concerned rather with intuitional, poetic, synesthetic correspondence, not on the scientific, but on the poetic level of thinking. 

The fifth, very short Presto movement is harmonically very simple, but all the more complicated in its rhythmic structure: it is based on the further development of ''inherent patterns" of the third movement. The quasi-equidistance system dominates harmonically and melodically in this movement, as in the third, alternating with harmonic fields, which are based on the division of the chromatic whole into diatonics and anhemitonic pentatonics. Polyrhythms and harmonic mixtures reach their greatest density, and at the same time this movement is strikingly light, enlightened with very bright colours: at first it seems chaotic, but after listening to it for a few times it is easy to grasp its content: many autonomous but self-similar figures which crossing themselves. 

I present my artistic credo in the Piano Concerto: I demonstrate my independence from criteria of the traditional avantgarde, as well as the fashionable postmodernism. Musical illusions which I consider to be also so important are not a goal in itself for me, but a foundation for my aesthetical attitude. I prefer musical forms which have a more object-like than processual character. Music as "frozen" time, as an object in imaginary space evoked by music in our imagination, as a creation which really develops in time, but in imagination it exists simultaneously in all its moments. The spell of time, the enduring its passing by, closing it in a moment of the present is my main intention as a composer. György Ligeti
Année de composition: 1985-1988
Contenu du texte: I Vivace molto ritmico e preciso
II Lento e deserto
III Vivace cantabile
IV Allegro risoluto, molto ritmico
V Presto luminoso
Durée de la performance: 24'0"
Maison d'édition: Schott Music
Uraufführung : 23. Oktober 1986 Graz (A) Steirischer Herbst 1986 · Anthony di Bonaventura, Klavier · Dirigent: Mario di Bonaventura · Mitglieder der Wiener Philharmoniker (Uraufführung 1.-3. Satz)

29. Februar 1988 Wien, Konzerthaus (A) · Anthony di Bonaventura, Klavier · Dirigent: Mario di Bonaventura · ORF-Symphonieorchester (Uraufführung 4. und 5. Satz)
instrumentation: 1 (auch Picc.) · 1 · 1 (auch Alt-Okarina in G) · 1 - 1 · 1 · 1 · 0 - S. (Glsp. · Xyl. · Trgl. · 2 Crot. · 2 hg. Beck., kl. u. normal groß · Schellentr. · kl. Tr. · 3 Rototoms · 4 Tomt. · gr. Tr. · 4 Woodbl. · 5 Tempelbl. · Guero · Kast. · Peitsche · Sirenenpf. · Trillerpf. · Lotosfl. · Flex. · Chromonica in C 270 [Hohner]) (1-2 Spieler) - Str. (8 · 7 · 6 · 5 · 4; auch solist. Streicherbesetzung [1 · 1 · 1 · 1 · 1] möglich)
Chef d'orchestre: Manuel Nawri
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2019-05-25 | Düsseldorf (Allemagne), Robert-Schumann-Hochschule, Praktikasaal — 18:00
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2019-05-14 | Hamburg (Allemagne), Elbphilharmonie
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2019-05-11 | Zürich (Suisse), Tonhalle
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestre: San Francisco Symphony
2019-05-11 | San Francisco,CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Davies Symphony Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Matthias Pintscher
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2019-05-10 | Paris (France), Philharmonie, Salle Pierre Boulez
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestre: San Francisco Symphony
2019-05-10 | San Francisco,CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Davies Symphony Hall
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Orchestre: San Francisco Symphony
2019-05-09 | San Francisco,CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Davies Symphony Hall
Orchestre: REMIX ensemble
2019-04-28 | Porto (Portugal), Casa da Música
Chef d'orchestre: Fabián Panisello
Orchestre: Plural Ensemble
2019-04-17 | Madrid (Espagne), Auditorio Nacional de Música — 19:30
Chef d'orchestre: Sakari Oramo
Orchestre: BBC Symphony Orchestra
2019-03-02 | London (Royaume Uni), Barbican — 19:30
Chef d'orchestre: Luigi Gaggero
Orchestre: Ukho Ensemble Kyiv
2019-02-28 | Kyiv (Ukraine)
Chef d'orchestre: Philippe Aïche
Orchestre: Orchestre des Lauréats du Conservatoire de Paris
2019-02-18 | Paris (France), Orchestre des Lauréats du Conservatoire de Paris — 20:30
Chef d'orchestre: Fabián Panisello
Orchestre: Orchestra di Padova e del Veneto
2019-01-31 | Padova (Italie), Auditorium Pollini — 10:30
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2018-11-09 | Torino (Italie), Auditorium Rai — 20:30
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Pierson
Orchestre: Alarm Will Sound
2018-11-09 | Washington Navy Yard,DC (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Library of Congress
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Pierson
Orchestre: Alarm Will Sound
2018-11-06 | Baltimore,MD (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Concert Hall at The Peabody Institute of Music
Chef d'orchestre: Rüdiger Bohn
Orchestre: European Workshop for Contemporary Music
2018-10-02 | Lublin (Pologne), Ośrodek Międzykulturowych Inicjatyw Twórczych „Rozdroża”
Chef d'orchestre: Rüdiger Bohn
Orchestre: European Workshop for Contemporary Music
2018-09-30 | Wrocław (Pologne), Akademia Muzyczna im. Karola Lipińskiego
Chef d'orchestre: Rüdiger Bohn
Orchestre: European Workshop for Contemporary Music
2018-09-28 | Warzawa (Pologne), Polskie Radio
Chef d'orchestre: Dirk Kaftan
Orchestre: Ensemble Modern
2018-09-20 | Frankfurt/Main (Allemagne), Alte Oper, Mozart Saal — 20:00
Chef d'orchestre: David Robertson
Orchestre: Chamber Orchestra of Europe
2018-06-09 | München (Allemagne), Prinzregententheater — 19:00
Chef d'orchestre: Ben Bolter
Orchestre: Contemporary Music Ensemble and Bienen Contemporary
2018-05-17 | Evanston, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Norhwestern University Galvin Recital Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Collon
Orchestre: Aurora Orchestra
2018-05-13 | London (Royaume Uni), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 15:00
Chef d'orchestre: David Dzubay
Orchestre: New Music Ensemble
2018-04-19 | Bloomington, IN (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Auer Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestre: Asko|Schönberg Ensemble
2018-04-05 | Amsterdam (Pays-Bas), Muziekgebouw aan ’t IJ — 20:15
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Pierson
Orchestre: Alarm Will Sound
2018-03-16 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Carnegie Hall, Zankel Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Jerry Hou
2018-03-06 | Houston, TX (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Duncan Recital Hall, Rice University
Chef d'orchestre: Jerry Hou
Orchestre: Students of the Shepherd School of Music
2018-03-06 | Houston, TX (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Duncan Recital Hall — 20:00
Chef d'orchestre: David Gompper
Orchestre: University of Iowa
2018-02-25 | Iowa City, IA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Concert Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Johannes Fischer
Orchestre: Ensemble Resonanz
2018-01-28 | Frankfurt (Allemagne), Alte Oper — 19:30
Chef d'orchestre: Johannes Fischer
Orchestre: Ensemble Resonanz
2018-01-24 | Hamburg (Allemagne), Elbphilharmonie, Kleiner Saal — 19:30
Chef d'orchestre: Johannes Fischer
Orchestre: Ensemble Resonanz
2018-01-23 | Hamburg (Allemagne), Elbphilharmonie, Kleiner Saal — 19:30
Chef d'orchestre: Hartmut Keil
Orchestre: Ensemble Arc-en-Ciel
2018-01-19 | Zürich (Suisse), Toni-Areal — 19:30
Chef d'orchestre: Ulrich Pöhl
Orchestre: Insomnio
2018-01-18 | Utrecht (Pays-Bas), TivoliVredenburg — 20:15
Orchestre: UMZE Chamber Ensemble
2017-12-16 | Budapest (Hongrie)
Chef d'orchestre: Matthias Pintscher
Orchestre: Lucerne Festival Academy Orchestra
2017-08-26 | Luzern (Suisse), KKL, Luzerner Saal — 22:00
Chef d'orchestre: John Storgårds
Orchestre: Münchener Kammerorchester
2017-06-22 | München (Allemagne), Prinzregententheater — 20:00
Chef d'orchestre: Franz Welser-Möst
Orchestre: Cleveland Orchestra
2017-05-20 | Cleveland, OH (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Severance Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Franz Welser-Möst
Orchestre: Cleveland Orchestra
2017-05-19 | Cleveland, OH (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Severance Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Franz Welser-Möst
Orchestre: Cleveland Orchestra
2017-05-18 | Cleveland, OH (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Severance Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Collon
Orchestre: Aurora Orchestra
2017-05-05 | London (Royaume Uni), Kings Place — 19:30
Chef d'orchestre: Jean Deroyer
Orchestre: Orchestre Philharmonique de Monte Carlo
2017-03-25 | Monte Carlo (Monaco), Auditorium Rainier III
Chef d'orchestre: Tito Munoz
Orchestre: Phoenix Symphony
2017-03-12 | Prescott, AZ (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Yavapai Center for the Arts
Chef d'orchestre: Tito Munoz
Orchestre: Phoenix Symphony
2017-03-11 | Phoenix, AZ (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Symphony Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Tito Munoz
Orchestre: Phoenix Symphony
2017-03-10 | Phoenix, AZ (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Symphony Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Courtney Lewis
Orchestre: Jacksonville Symphony
2017-03-04 | Jacksonville, FL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Jacoby Symphony Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Courtney Lewis
Orchestre: Jacksonville Symphony
2017-03-03 | Jacksonville, FL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Jacoby Symphony Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Aleck Karis
Orchestre: Palimpsest Ensemble
2017-03-01 | La Jolla, CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Conrad Prebys Concert Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestre: Philharmonia Orchestra
2017-02-24 | Madrid (Espagne), Auditorio Nacional Madrid — 22:30
Chef d'orchestre: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestre: Philharmonia Orchestra
2017-02-19 | London (Royaume Uni), Royal Festival Hall — 19:30
Chef d'orchestre: David Claudio
Orchestre: NYKY Ensemble
2017-02-11 | Helsinki (Finlande), Music Centre — 17:30
Orchestre: Ensemble Mise-En, Inc.
2017-01-21 | Sarasota. FL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), New Music New College
Chef d'orchestre: Trond Madsen
Orchestre: Trondheim Symfoniorkester
2016-11-11 | Trondheim (Norvège), Dokkhuset Scene — 20:00
Chef d'orchestre: Berislav Sipus
Orchestre: Cantus Ensemble
2016-10-22 | Zagreb (Croatie)
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Gilbert
Orchestre: Ensemble of the LUCERNE FESTIVAL ALUMNI
2016-06-03 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), The Metropolitan Museum of Arts
Chef d'orchestre: László Tihanyi
Orchestre: Geidai Philharmonia
2016-06-03 | Tokyo (Japon), Sogakudo
Chef d'orchestre: David Felberg
Orchestre: Chamber Orchestra TBA
2016-05-15 | Albuquerque, NM (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Las Puertas — 10:30
Chef d'orchestre: Ludovic Morlot
Orchestre: Geneva Camerata
2016-03-19 | Genève (Suisse), Alhambra — 20:00
Chef d'orchestre: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestre: Philharmonia Orchestra
2016-02-19 | London (Royaume Uni), Royal Festival Hall — 19:30
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Pierson
Orchestre: Alarm Will Sound
2016-02-13 | Columbia, MO (Etats Unis d' Amérique), The Missouri Theatre
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Pierson
Orchestre: Alarm Will Sound
2016-02-12 | St. Louis, MO (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Sheldon Concert Hall
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2015-09-17 | Milano (Italie), Teatro Litta — 20:30
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Orchestre: International Contemporary Ensemble
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Orchestre: Stuttgarter Kammerorchester
2015-07-18 | Stuttgart (Allemagne), Theaterhaus T1 — 20:00
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Pierson
Orchestre: Alarm Will Sound
2015-06-27 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Whitney Museum of American Art
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Pierson
Orchestre: Alarm Will Sound
2015-06-26 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Whitney Museum of American Art
Chef d'orchestre: George Benjamin
Orchestre: London Sinfonietta
2015-06-25 | Snape (Royaume Uni), Britten Studio — 19:30
Chef d'orchestre: Jonathan Stockhammer
Orchestre: Collegium Novum Zürich
2015-05-04 | Zürich (Suisse), Tonhalle, kleiner Saal
Chef d'orchestre: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestre: Asko|Schönberg Ensemble
2015-04-20 | Zagreb (Croatie), Koncertna dvorana Vatroslava Lisinskog — 19:30
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Orchestre: Ensemble Musikfabrik
2015-04-19 | Köln (Allemagne), WDR Funkhaus am Wallrafplatz
Chef d'orchestre: Jürg Henneberger
Orchestre: Ensemble Diagonal
2015-03-27 | Basel (Suisse), Musik-Akademie — 20:15
Chef d'orchestre: Peter Rundel
Orchestre: Ensemble Musikfabrik
2015-02-07 | Amsterdam (Pays-Bas), Concertgebouw — 14:00
Chef d'orchestre: Yasuaki Itakura
Orchestre: Izumi Sinfonietta Osaka
2015-01-24 | Osaka (Japon), Izumi Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Tito Ceccherini
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2015-01-16 | Paris (France), Philharmonie — 20:30
Chef d'orchestre: Beat Furrer
Orchestre: Klangforum Wien
2014-11-25 | Wien (Autriche), Konzerthaus, Mozart-Saal
Chef d'orchestre: Alex Jimenez
Orchestre: Florida State University
2014-11-08 | Tallahassee, FL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Florida State University
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Collon
Orchestre: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2014-10-04 | Birmingham (Royaume Uni), CBSO Centre
Chef d'orchestre: George Benjamin
Orchestre: Sinfóníuhljómsveit Íslands (Iceland Symphony Orchestra)
2014-06-05 | Harpa (Islande), Concert Hall — 19:30
Chef d'orchestre: Jeffery Kahane
Orchestre: Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra
2014-05-18 | Los Angeles, CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Royce Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Jeffery Kahane
Orchestre: Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra
2014-05-17 | Glendale, CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Alex Theater
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Orchestre: Slovenska filharmonija (Slovenian Philharmonic Orchestra)
2014-04-15 | Ljubljana (Slovénie), Dvorana Marjana Kozine
Chef d'orchestre: Tania Miller
Orchestre: Victoria Symphony
2014-03-29 | Victoria (Canada), Alix Goolden Hall — 20:00
Chef d'orchestre: Stephen Taylor
Orchestre: University of Illinois
2014-03-19 | Urbana, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Foellinger Great Hall, Krannert CPA
Chef d'orchestre: Stephen Taylor
Orchestre: University of Illinois
2014-03-18 | Urbana, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Foellinger Great Hall, Krannert CPA
Chef d'orchestre: Pablo Heras-Casado
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2014-02-22 | Bordeaux (France), Auditorium, salle Dutilleux — 20:00
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Orchestre: Detmolder Kammerorchester
2014-02-04 | Detmold (Allemagne), Konzerthaus der Hochschule für Musik — 19:30
Chef d'orchestre: Oliver Hagen
Orchestre: Ensemble LPR
2014-01-24 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Le Poisson Rouge
Chef d'orchestre: Konstantia Gourzi
Orchestre: ensemble oktopus für musik der moderne
2013-12-02 | München (Allemagne), Reaktorhalle — 20:00
Chef d'orchestre: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestre: Asko|Schönberg Ensemble
2013-11-14 | Amsterdam (Pays-Bas), Muziekgebouw — 15:00
Chef d'orchestre: Alexander Jimenez
Orchestre: Florida State University
2013-10-11 | Tallahassee, FL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Ruby Diamond Concert Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Mark-Andreas Schlingensiepen
Orchestre: notabu.ensemble neue musik
2013-09-29 | Düsseldorf (Allemagne), Tonhalle — 18:00
Chef d'orchestre: Petr Kotík
Orchestre: Ensemble Ostravská banda
2013-05-31 | Praha (République tchèque), Archa Theatre
Chef d'orchestre: Jonathan Kaell
Orchestre: Ensemble Grenzpunkt
2013-05-29 | Saarbrücken (Allemagne), Hochschule für Musik
Chef d'orchestre: Scott Dunn
Orchestre: Jacaranda Chamber Ensemble
2013-01-12 | Santa Monica, CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), First Presbyterian Church
Chef d'orchestre: Joana Carneiro
Orchestre: Berkeley Symphony Orchestra
2012-12-06 | Berkeley, CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Zellerbach Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Baldur Brönnimann
Orchestre: Klangforum Wien
2012-11-28 | Buenos Aires (Argentine), Teatro Colon
Chef d'orchestre: Yasuaki Itakura
Orchestre: Philharmonic Orchestra of the Kunitachi College of Music
2012-11-10 | Tokyo (Japon), Kunitachi College of Music
Chef d'orchestre: Jean Deroyer
Orchestre: Ensemble Modern
2012-11-03 | Frankfurt/Main (Allemagne), Alte Oper — 20.00 h, 2. Abonnementkonzert
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestre: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-21 | Köln (Allemagne), Philharmonie — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Zsolt Nagy
Orchestre: Israel Symphony Orchestra
2012-10-20 | Tel Aviv (Israel), Museum of Art
Chef d'orchestre: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestre: BIT20 Ensemble
2012-10-18 | Bergen (Norvège), Grieghallen
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestre: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-18 | Bremen (Allemagne), Die Glocke — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestre: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-18 | Bremen (Allemagne), Die Glocke — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestre: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-17 | Bruxelles (Belgique), Palais des Beaux-Arts — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-Laurent Aimard
Orchestre: Die Deutsche Kammerphilharmonie Bremen
2012-10-16 | Hamburg (Allemagne), Laeiszhalle — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre Laurent Aimard
Orchestre: Länsmusiken i Örebro län AB
2012-09-20 | Örebro (Suède), Konserthus — 19.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Philipp Chizhevsky
Orchestre: Chamber Orchestra of Moscow Conservatory
2012-06-09 | Moscow (Russie), Conservatory
Chef d'orchestre: Evan Christ
Orchestre: Philharmonisches Orchester Cottbus
2012-05-13 | Cottbus (Allemagne), Staatstheater, Großes Haus — 19.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Evan Christ
Orchestre: Philharmonisches Orchester Cottbus
2012-05-11 | Cottbus (Allemagne), Staatstheater, Großes Haus — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestre: Koninklijk Concertgebouworkest
2012-04-13 | Amsterdam (Pays-Bas), Concertgebouw
Chef d'orchestre: Scott Dunn
Orchestre: Mimesis Ensemble
2012-04-02 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Zankel Hall at Carnegie Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Nikoloz Rachveli
Orchestre: Georgian State Philharmonic Orchestra
2012-03-30 | Tbilisi (Géorgie), Mikeladze Center, Concert Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Ken Takaseki
Orchestre: Tokyo Metropolitan Symphony Orchestra
2012-01-17 | Tokyo (Japon), Tokyo Bunka Kaikan
Chef d'orchestre: Fabián Panisello
Orchestre: Plural Ensemble
2011-10-13 | Madrid (Espagne), Auditorio Nacional de Música — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Pierson
Orchestre: Eastman School of Music Musica Nova
2011-10-05 | Rochester, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Kilbourn Hall, Eastman School of Music
Chef d'orchestre: Pascal Rophé
Orchestre: Kringkastingsorkestret (The Norwegian Radio Orchestra)
2011-09-16 | Oslo (Norvège), NRK, Store Studio
Chef d'orchestre: Silvain Cambreling
Orchestre: Klangforum Wien
2011-08-27 | Weimar (Allemagne), Weimarhalle — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Michael Lewanski
Orchestre: Ensemble Dal Niente
2011-05-28 | Chicago, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Nichols Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Franck Ollu
Orchestre: Ensemble Modern
2011-05-24 | Hamburg (Allemagne), NDR-Sendesaal
Chef d'orchestre: Theodore Antoniou
Orchestre: Hellenic Group of Contemporary Music
2011-05-12 | Athens (Grèce), Megaron, Dimitris Mitropoulos Hall — “In memoriam György Ligeti, An International Master”
Chef d'orchestre: Petr Kotík
Orchestre: Ostravská banda
2011-04-13 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Carnegie Hall — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestre: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-15 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Avery Fisher Hall — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestre: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-12 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Avery Fisher Hall — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestre: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-11 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Avery Fisher Hall — 11.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestre: New York Philharmonic
2011-03-10 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Avery Fisher Hall — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Paolo Bellomia
Orchestre: Universite de Montreal
2011-02-25 | Montreal, QC (Canada), Salle Pierre-Mercure
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-27 | Grenoble (France), MC2
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-26 | Lyon (France), Auditorium
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-24 | Madrid (Espagne), Auditorio 400
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2011-01-22 | Bourges (France), Maison de la culture
Chef d'orchestre: Kevin Stalheim
Orchestre: Present Music
2010-09-18 | Milwaukee, WI (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Turner Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Eduardo Leandro
Orchestre: Orquestra de Câmara do Festival
2010-07-21 | São Paulo (Brésil), Sala São Paulo
Chef d'orchestre: Eduardo Leandro
Orchestre: Orquestra de Câmara do Festival
2010-07-19 | São Paulo (Brésil), Auditório Claudio Santoro
Chef d'orchestre: Fabián Panisello
Orchestre: Orquesta de la Escuela Superior de Música Reina Sofia
2010-07-10 | Santander (Espagne), Palacio de Festivales
Chef d'orchestre: Petr Kotík
Orchestre: Ostravská banda
2010-06-06 | Praha (République tchèque), Archa Theatre
Chef d'orchestre: Robin Ticciati
Orchestre: Scottish Chamber Orchestra
2010-04-24 | Edinburgh (Royaume Uni), Queen\'s Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Robin Ticciati
Orchestre: Scottish Chamber Orchestra
2010-04-23 | Glasgow (Royaume Uni), City Halls
Chef d'orchestre: Robin Ticciati
Orchestre: Scottish Chamber Orchestra
2010-04-22 | St Andrews (Royaume Uni), Younger Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Dennis Russell Davies
Orchestre: Münchener Kammerorchester
2010-03-18 | München (Allemagne), Prinzregententheater
Chef d'orchestre: Gustav Kuhn
Orchestre: Orchestra Haydn
2010-03-17 | Trento (Italie), Auditorium
Chef d'orchestre: Gustav Kuhn
Orchestre: Orchestra Haydn
2010-03-16 | Bolzano (Italie), Auditorium
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-André Valade
Orchestre: Athelas Sinfonietta Copenhagen
2009-10-07 | København (Danemark), Espergærde Gymnasium
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre-André Valade
Orchestre: Athelas Sinfonietta Copenhagen
2009-10-06 | København (Danemark), Den Sorte Diamant, Det Kgl. Bibliotek
Chef d'orchestre: Eric Heubner
2009-09-15 | Buffalo, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Lippes Concert Hall
2009-08-29 | Hamburg (Allemagne), Hochschule für Musik und Theater
Chef d'orchestre: Petr Kotík
Orchestre: Ostravská banda
2009-08-29 | Ostrava (République tchèque), House of Culture
Chef d'orchestre: Zoltán Rácz
Orchestre: UMZE Chamber Ensemble
2009-05-26 | Budapest (Hongrie), Béla Bartók National Concert Hall — 19.30 h - Hommage à Ligeti
Chef d'orchestre: Fabián Panisello
Orchestre: Plural Ensemble
2009-05-19 | Madrid (Espagne), Auditorio Nacional de Música — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2009-05-08 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Lincoln Center, Alice Tully Hall — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Etienne Siebens
Orchestre: Prometheus Ensemble
2009-04-09 | Brugge (Belgique), Concertgebouw — 20.00 h - ARS MUSICA 2009 - Hommage à Ligeti
Chef d'orchestre: Etienne Siebens
Orchestre: Prometheus Ensemble
2009-04-01 | Antwerpen (Belgique), deSingel — 20.00 h - Hommage à Ligeti
Chef d'orchestre: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestre: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2008-11-22 | Birmingham (Etats Unis d' Amérique), CBSO Centre — 18.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Zsolt Nagy
Orchestre: Israel Contemporary Players
2008-11-09 | Jerusalem (Israel), Jerusalem Music Center — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Zsolt Nagy
Orchestre: Israel Contemporary Players
2008-11-08 | Tel Aviv (Israel), Museum of Art — 20.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Dmitri Slobodeniouk
Orchestre: YLE Radion sinfoniaorkesteri
2008-10-15 | Helsinki (Finlande), Finlandia-talo — 19.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Reinbert de Leeuw
Orchestre: REMIX ensemble
2008-06-28 | Porto (Portugal), Casa da Música, Sala Suggia — 21.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Collon
Orchestre: Aurora Orchestra
2008-06-08 | London (Royaume Uni), Duke\'s Hall, Royal Academy of Music — 18.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Peter Rundel
Orchestre: SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg
2008-04-06 | Dortmund (Allemagne), Konzerthaus — 18.00 Uhr - Portrait György Ligeti
Chef d'orchestre: Peter Rundel
Orchestre: SWR Sinfonieorchester Baden-Baden und Freiburg
2008-04-05 | Freiburg (Allemagne), Konzerthaus — 20.00 Uhr - Portrait György Ligeti
Chef d'orchestre: Stefan Asbury
Orchestre: Vlaams Radio Orkest
2008-02-23 | Bruxelles (Belgique), Flagey — 20.15 h
Chef d'orchestre: Normunds Sne
Orchestre: Sinfonietta Riga
2008-02-22 | Riga (Lettonie), Small Guild Hall — 19.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Stefan Asbury
Orchestre: Vlaams Radio Orkest
2008-02-21 | Gent (Belgique), de Bijloke — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Andriy Talpash
Orchestre: Plexoos Ensemble
2008-02-16 | Edmonton, AB (Canada), Convocation Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Emilio Pomárico
Orchestre: Asko Ensemble
2008-01-30 | Amsterdam (Pays-Bas), Concertgebouw, Kleine Zaal — 20.15 h
Chef d'orchestre: Fabrizio Ventura
Orchestre: Sinfonieorchester Münster
2007-12-12 | Münster (Allemagne), Städtische Bühnen, Kleines Haus — 20.00 Uhr
Chef d'orchestre: Fabrizio Ventura
Orchestre: Sinfonieorchester Münster
2007-12-11 | Münster (Allemagne), Städtische Bühnen, Kleines Haus — 20.00 Uhr
Chef d'orchestre: Etienne Siebens
Orchestre: Ensemble musikFabrik
2007-12-10 | Hamburg (Allemagne), Kampnagel K6 — 20.00 Uhr - Ligeti Remixed
Chef d'orchestre: Fabrizio Ventura
Orchestre: Sinfonieorchester Münster
2007-12-09 | Münster (Allemagne), Städtische Bühnen, Kleines Haus — 18.00 Uhr
Chef d'orchestre: Etienne Siebens
Orchestre: Ensemble musikFabrik
2007-12-08 | Berlin (Allemagne), Radialsystem, Friedrichshain — 21.00 Uhr
Chef d'orchestre: Denys Bouliane
Orchestre: McGill Contemporary Music Ensemble
2007-12-03 | Montréal, QC (Canada), McGill University, Pollack Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-11-17 | México (Mexique), Teatro de Bellas Artes — 18.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-11-15 | Monterrey (Mexique), Teatro de las Artes Aula Magna
Chef d'orchestre: Yasuaki Itakura
Orchestre: Tokyo Sinfonietta
2007-10-18 | Tokyo (Japon), Toppan Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Olari Elts
Orchestre: NYYD-Ensemble
2007-10-16 | Tallinn (Estonie), Estonia Concert Hall — 19.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: François-Xavier Roth
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-10-13 | Strasbourg (France), Opéra du Rhin — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Tito Ceccherini
Orchestre: Ensemble Risognanze
2007-09-10 | Torino (Italie), Piccolo Regio Giacomo Puccini — 17.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Jonathan Nott
Orchestre: Ensemble intercontemporain
2007-08-19 | Luzern (Suisse), Luzerner Saal — 20.30 Uhr - Ligeti-Hommage
Chef d'orchestre: Douglas Boyd
Orchestre: Saint Paul Chamber Orchestra
2007-06-10 | Ojai, CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Libbey Bowl — 17.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Eduardo Leandro
Orchestre: State University of New York
2007-05-03 | Stony Brook, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Staller Center - Stony Brook University
Chef d'orchestre: Fabrice Pierre
Orchestre: Atelier XX-21
2007-04-30 | Lyon (France), Salle Varèse — 20.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Mark-Andreas Schlingensiepen
Orchestre: notabu.ensemble neue musik
2007-04-27 | Düsseldorf (Allemagne), Tonhalle — 20.00 Uhr
Chef d'orchestre: Fabián Panisello
Orchestre: Plural Ensemble
2007-04-25 | Madrid (Espagne), Circulo de Bellas Artes
Chef d'orchestre: Juan García Rodríguez
Orchestre: Zahir Ensemble
2007-03-28 | Granada (Espagne), Teatro Alhambra
Chef d'orchestre: Juan García Rodríguez
Orchestre: Zahir Ensemble
2007-03-27 | Sevilla (Espagne), Teatro Central
Chef d'orchestre: Fabrice Pierre
Orchestre: Atelier XX-21
2007-03-14 | Lyon (France), Salle Varèse — 20.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: George Benjamin
Orchestre: London Sinfonietta
2007-03-13 | London (Royaume Uni), Queen Elizabeth Hall — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Ivor Bolton
Orchestre: Mozarteum Orchester Salzburg
2007-01-28 | Salzburg (Autriche), Mozarteum — 19.30 Uhr
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Pierson
Orchestre: Alarm Will Sound
2006-12-15 | Rochester, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Eastman School of Music
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre Boulez
Orchestre: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-10 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique)
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre Boulez
Orchestre: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-05 | Chicago, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Symphony Center — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre Boulez
Orchestre: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-02 | Chicago, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Symphony Center — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre Boulez
Orchestre: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-12-01 | Chicago, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Symphony Center — 13.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: Pierre Boulez
Orchestre: Chicago Symphony Orchestra
2006-11-30 | Chicago, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Symphony Center — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Pierson
Orchestre: Alarm Will Sound
2006-10-20 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), the Kitchen
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2006-09-30 | Amsterdam (Pays-Bas), Concertgeboouw, Grote Zaal — 14.15 h
Chef d'orchestre: Fabian Panisiello
Orchestre: Joven Orquesta Nacional de España
2006-09-30 | Alicante (Espagne), Teatro Principal
Chef d'orchestre: Fabian Panisiello
Orchestre: Joven Orquesta Nacional de España
2006-09-28 | Alicante (Espagne), Teatro Principal
Chef d'orchestre: George Benjamin
Orchestre: London Sinfonietta
2006-05-27 | Monmouth (Royaume Uni), Wyastone Leys — 19.30 h
Chef d'orchestre: David Robertson
Orchestre: The Zankel Band
2006-05-18 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Carnegie Hall, Zankel Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Leo Kramer
Orchestre: Orquesta Filarmónica de la UNAM
2006-03-26 | México (Mexique)
Chef d'orchestre: Leo Kramer
Orchestre: Orquesta Filarmónica de la UNAM
2006-03-25 | México (Mexique)
Chef d'orchestre: Michael Rafferty
Orchestre: Millenium Ensemble
2006-03-17 | Cardiff (Royaume Uni), Temple of Peace
Chef d'orchestre: Jean Deroyer
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2006-03-16 | Cherbourg (France), Le Trident — 20.45 h
Chef d'orchestre: Susanna Mälkki
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2006-02-24 | Paris (France), Cité de la Musique, Salle des concerts — 20.00 h
2005-11-05 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-11-04 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
Chef d'orchestre: Patti Monson
Orchestre: Manhattan School of Music Contemporary Ensemble
2005-11-03 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), John C. Borden Auditorium — 20.00 h
2005-10-29 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve — 14.00 h & 20.00 h
2005-10-27 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-10-22 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-10-21 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve
2005-10-20 | Montréal, QC (Canada), Théâtre Maisonneuve | Première soirée
Chef d'orchestre: Fabián Panisello
Orchestre: Plural Ensemble
2005-09-26 | Salamanca (Espagne), Auditorio del Conservatorio Superior de Música — 21.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Jonathan Nott
Orchestre: Ensemble Intercontemporain
2005-05-25 | New York, NY (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Lincoln Center, Rose Theater — 20.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Marc Lowenstein
Orchestre: California Institute of the Arts
2005-03-05 | Valencia, CA (Etats Unis d' Amérique), Recital Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Ken Takaseki
Orchestre: Japan Chamber Orchestra
2005-02-23 | Tokyo (Japon), Suntory Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Victor Yampolsky
Orchestre: Northwestern University
2004-11-18 | Evanston, IL (Etats Unis d' Amérique)
Chef d'orchestre: Peter Hirsch
Orchestre: Ensemble Contrechamps
2004-10-12 | Genève (Suisse), Plainpalais, Salle communale
Chef d'orchestre: Alan Gilbert
Orchestre: Kungliga Filharmonikerna
2004-05-24 | Stockholm (Suède), Konserthus — 16.00 Uhr
Chef d'orchestre: Franck Ollu
Orchestre: Ensemble Modern
2004-04-02 | München (Allemagne), Muffathalle
Chef d'orchestre: Oswald Sallaberger
Orchestre: Beethoven Academie
2004-03-16 | Antwerpen (Belgique), deSingel
Chef d'orchestre: Oswald Sallaberger
Orchestre: Beethoven Academie
2004-03-13 | Brugge (Belgique), Concertgebouw
Chef d'orchestre: Oswald Sallaberger
Orchestre: Beethoven Academie
2004-03-12 | Mechelen (Belgique), Oude Mechelse Vleeshalle
Chef d'orchestre: George Benjamin
Orchestre: London Sinfonietta
2003-10-17 | London (Royaume Uni), Barbican Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Simon Rattle
Orchestre: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2000-10-16 | Birmingham (Royaume Uni), Symphony Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Simon Rattle
Orchestre: Birmingham Contemporary Music Group
2000-10-10 | London (Royaume Uni), Barbican Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestre: Sinfonia 21
2000-09-05 | London (Royaume Uni), Royal Albert Hall — 22.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestre: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-06 | Dorset (Royaume Uni), Poole Arts Centre
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestre: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-05 | Chelmsford (Royaume Uni), Civic Centre
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestre: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-04 | Cambridge (Royaume Uni), Corn Exchange
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestre: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-03 | Canterbury (Royaume Uni), Shirley Hall, King\'s School
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestre: Britten Sinfonia
2000-03-02 | Basingstoke (Royaume Uni), The Anvil
Chef d'orchestre: Nicholas Cleobury
Orchestre: Britten Sinfonia
2000-02-29 | London (Royaume Uni), Barbican Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Martyn Brabbins
Orchestre: BBC Scottish Symphony Orchestra
1999-02-27 | Glasgow (Royaume Uni), Royal Concert Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Esa-Pekka Salonen
Orchestre: Philharmonia Orchestra
1998-05-18 | London (Royaume Uni), Royal Festival Hall
Chef d'orchestre: James Wood
Orchestre: London Sinfonietta
1997-01-31 | London (Royaume Uni), Queen Elizabeth Hall
Chef d'orchestre: Jonathan Nott
Orchestre: Asko Ensemble
1993-09-02 | London (Royaume Uni), Royal Albert Hall — 22.00 h
Chef d'orchestre: Mario di Bonaventura
Orchestre: ORF-Symphonieorchester
1988-02-29 | Wien (Autriche), Konzerthaus | Première mondiale (révision)
Chef d'orchestre: Mario di Bonaventura
Orchestre: Mitglieder der Wiener Philharmoniker
1986-10-23 | Graz (Autriche) | Première mondiale
Autres éditions